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Keywords: sea level rise, storm surge, tropical cyclone risk, flood risk, southern Africa, Mozambique, Sea, Tropical storm, Flood, Maputo, Beira

Suchbegriffe: Mosambik, Meer, Tropensturm, Flut, Maputo, Beira


Keywords: Mozambique, Agriculture, Climate Model, Climate Scenarios, Health, Infrastructure

Schlagwörter: Mosambik, Landwirtschaft, Klimamodelle, Klimaszenarien, Gesundheit, Infrastruktur, Mozambique, Flood, Storm, Drought, Agriculture, Health, Mosambik, Flut, Sturm, Dürre, Landwirtschaft, Gesundheit

Keywords: Mozambique, Climate change, economy, models, Limpopo

Schlagwörter: Mosambik, Klimawandel, Wirtschaft, Modelle

Keywords: Mozambique, climate change, economy, agriculture, flood, rivers

Schlagwörter: Mosambik, Klimawandel, Wirtschaft, Landwirtschaft, Flut, Flüsse

Keywords: Mozambique, Climate policy, Adaptation, Economy, Agriculture, Infrastructure

Schlagwöter: Wasser, Floods, Coast, Mosambik, Klimapolitik, Anpassungsstrategien, Wirtschaft, Landwirtschaft, Infrastruktur, Wasser, Flut, Küsten

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Anpassung, Urbane Anpassung, Kapstadt, Lokalverwaltung

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, adaptation, urban adaptation, Cape Town, local government



This paper aims to present an investigation of the climate adaptation planning and implementation process undertaken by the municipal government of Cape Town, South Africa, situating the findings within the broader literature on governance-related barriers to adaptation. By developing an in-depth case study using methods of organizational ethnography, the research traces phases of climate adaptation planning and implementation in Cape Town. Applied thematic analysis surfaces issues of coordination, decision-making, resource constraints and tracking progress as key constraints to urban climate adaptation. While considerable progress has been made on developing a citywide climate adaptation plan for Cape Town, implementation is constrained by poor monitoring and feedback within and between departments and a lack of oversight and impetus from central authorities within the government hierarchy.

Further research is needed on the interface between technical and political decision-making, governance arrangements that facilitate coordination and iterative adjustment and the organizational uptake of externally commissioned work on climate adaptation. The paper points to the need for a climate adaptation coordination function situated higher up in the municipal government structure than the environment department to implement, monitor, evaluate and revise measures to reduce climate risks and vulnerabilities citywide. The paper is of value to those seeking to understand local government decision-making, as it pertains to climate adaptation and those looking for means to address climate risks and vulnerabilities in cities, especially in South Africa.


Keywords: South Africa, climate change, rainfall, water, agriculture, economy



Statistical evidence suggests that South Africa has been getting hotter over the past four decades, with average yearly temperatures increasing by 0.13°C a decade between 1960 and 2003, with relatively higher levels for the fall, winter and summer periods. There has also been an increase in the number of warmer days and a decrease in the number of cooler days. Moreover, the average rainfall in the country is very low, estimated at 450mm per year – well below the world’s average of 860mm per year – while evaporation is comparatively high. In addition, surface and underground water are very limited, with more than 50% of the available water resources being used for only 10% of the country’s agricultural activities. Climate change, which may make temperatures climb and reduce the rains and change their timing, may therefore put more pressure on the country’s scarce water resources, with implications for agriculture, employment and food security.

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